Dhyan Praveshika Team

4th April 2014 magazine Archive : February Written by Dhyan Praveshika Team

Vedic Rta

A Brief Description of the Cosmic Laws of Necessity

 

“Rtam, Satyam, Vijnani” – True knowledge is knowing the Truth that is Rta.

As you sow so shall you reap - cause of rebirth of human beings. - Vedic Rta

The ideal of all religions, all sects is one and the same – The attaining of liberty and cessation of misery. Whenever you find religion, you find this ideal working in one form or another. Of course in lower stages of religion it is not so well expressed; but still, well or ill-expressed, it is the one goal to which every religion approaches. All of us want to get rid of misery; we are struggling to attain liberty - physical, mental, spiritual. This is the whole idea upon which the world is working.

Rtam, Satyam, Dharmmam”- Cosmic Laws (Rta) are eternal truths (Satyam) and following these Laws of Nature is Vedic Dharma

Paths can be many but all Paths should lead to welfare of Mankind. Thus Vedas are the only scriptures that have laid down the cosmic laws for the welfare of entire Mankind. In the Vedas, Dharma is Rta. These are priori principles known to individuals as “real self”. Having created these laws (Rta), Vedas say god follows them sternly. These laws are eternal and any cosmic laws, which changes with time, is not a Vedic Rta. These laws cover comprehensively human conduct, avoidance of all material excesses, enlightened liberalism, selfless action, path of virtue etc. Not following these laws is adharma.

In about 17,000 mantars/riks/hymns four Vedas contain, a very large number of subjects are relating to material (pertaining to perishable), spiritual (relating to withdraw able) and divine (relating to eternal) subjects. These laws are commandments of God for social and moral order, apart from good conduct and harmonious living of human beings. Atharva Veda 4-1-3 tells us that from the bosom of the sacred cosmic word OM, He brought forth the world- on high, below where He abides in His own Laws. Cosmic Laws of Necessity (Rta) contained in the Book of Nature which even blind persons and all animate life on earth, water, firmament can read, is a major subject of Vedas. For the cosmic laws the terms used in the Vedas are Rta, Ritane and Vratani. Yajur Veda 6-4 ordains “O, man study God's works of creation, preservation and dissolution whereby He determines His laws”. These are eternal laws and have passed through barbarism, ruthless tyranny, autocracy, oligarchy, age of reason, science and technology, pure idealism to extreme of materialism, but still remain the same and guide the mankind throughout the world. Thus more appropriate­ly we can describe these laws as the Will of God and it is the sum total of all causes, all divine laws scattered over time and space through the functioning of the Nature.

According to Yajur Veda 26-1, we get true knowledge of these cosmic laws from seven forces of the Nature viz.; the Sun, Moon, firmament, waters, clouds, fire and the earth, which are all beneficial to the mankind and make our paths pleasant and comfortable. Taittrya Upanishad 1-2 says, if religion is dharma (righteousness), it is then Rta. To bring unity in diversity there are concepts like Three bodies in one (tri-ani-pada), Seven means of getting knowledge, 108 beads in Vyjanti mala based on distance between Earth, Moon and Sun in the ratio of 108 (since proved in laboratory) as mentioned in the book Glimpses of Vedic Metaphysics. The concept of "Seven" has some sanctity in the Vedas as these Shrutis prescribe "Seven" types of knowledge based on functioning of divine Nature and gross Universe. Vedic seers and sages seemed to have found the concept of seven in many spiritual and divine activities. According to Rig-Veda 1-58-7, the Soul (Atman) has seven means to get outside knowledge of the phenomenal world i.e. five senses, mind and intellect. There are seven rays of the Sun consisting of seven colors (R.V.1-62-4), which the modern Physicists describe through the word VIBGYOR- violent, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange and red. There are seven meters (Chhanda) for each Vedic hymn or rik like Gayatri, Ushnavi, Anusthup etc. There are seven Worlds in the Brahamand- both visible and non visible cosmos (R.V.1-146-1). Seven heavens and seven communities in harmony in the visible and non-visible cosmos. There are seven subtle Pranas (vital breaths) which provide heat energy to all animate life. Vedic seers and sages name these as prana, apana, udana, sytra, atma, koorma and samana. These vital breaths consist of subtle particles (R.V.1-71-7). In the Vedas there is also mention of three more Pranas consisting of gross atoms. Again there is a mention of seven notes of music when in harmony create sweet and melodious sound, seven colors of flame of holy fire (R.V 1-58-7).

From this concept of Seven, Vedas tell us that out of various diversities in the Nature (divine Prakrti) human beings can achieve harmony, cooperation and unity. In fact unity of soul, spirit, body and matter is also an important subject of the Vedas. In all animate and inanimate life spirit and matter go together as due to spirit in shuniya (void) even inanimate things have unsuspected vitality. This concept of "Seven" in the Nature and universe was applied by the then metaphysicists ( Rishis of yore) in the Vedic education system and symbolically assigned this attribute of Prakrti to Saraswati devi (Being of light with no form). She is the over all in- charge of seven streams of knowledge and presides over education. She is also one of the 33 formless devas and devis of Prakrti and also presides over Music with seven notes in harmony. Thus Vedic para jnan - higher harmonized knowledge of divinity, spirit and matter is based on Vedic Rta (cosmic Laws of necessity) relating to Seven. Only when seven streams of knowledge are known, one can understand the Supreme Reality in all its forms and aspects. They named this supreme reality as Brahman and the student who acquires His knowledge was described as Brhamanchari. To acquire complete knowledge of seven streams of Vidya, the education system stretches till the age of 48 years of the student, when the degree of Aditya is awarded. Aditya in the Vedas is akin to deva -the nearest English translation is god.

These seven streams of knowledge cover complete jnan, vijnan and ajnan. Jnan is divine knowledge, Vijnan is scientific spiritual knowledge and Ajnan is only material knowledge of inert matter. Material knowledge bereft of Jnan and Vijnan is avidya or ignorance but when in harmony with these it is Vidya (perfect knowledge). These seven streams of knowledge cover ten sciences, military science, social sciences and 16 kinds of arts, philosophy and metaphysics. Based on the functioning of Nature, concepts of seven and Rta, Vedic education aims at creating unity in diversity while harmonizing spirit and matter, body and soul, a-priori and a-posteriori knowledge.

 With a view to emphasize the divinity in the concept of seven, Vedic seers and sages provided Mother hymn Gayatri mantra, seven times in Vedas. In this mother hymn there is a prayer to God that during our three stages of being awake, asleep and even in our dreams, also referred as gross, subtle and causal states, we should be blessed with complete knowledge of the Supreme Reality. We spread the same in society and shine like Savitar deva-the Sun.

The religious mythology refers to seven streams of water emerging from the hair locks of lord Shiva and then converging into one big stream named as Ganga- the river Ganges . In the Vedas word Ganga also appears but with no mythology. The seven streams of knowledge when merge and constitute Vedic Vidya, para Jnan or higher knowledge that stage is referred as Ganga- the river of perfect knowledge. Rig Veda 1-174-2 says," after acquiring the knowledge of seven streams, even seven fortifications of the wicked persons following non-divine activities and professions, get destroyed and enemies become friends." Thus Adityas who are akin to devas and gods, when they spread knowledge as preceptors (gurus), even wicked persons start becoming virtuous and friendly.

Athrava Veda mentions there were many religions at that time in harmony with each other. If God wanted He could have made us part of one religion, one community but He desired differently. God desired that all religions should compete with each other based on Rta eternal Laws of Nature for the welfare of mankind and other animate/inanimate life/things. This holy injunction is clearly meant to create unity in diversity by providing divine sanctity to the noble concept.

The great importance given to Rta in the Vedas can be appreciated from the description of these laws in Rig Veda 1-75- 5 where it says, " ritam. satyam vijnani ", which would literally mean "absolute truth which is Rta, is the only true knowledge." Rig Veda 1-24-15 clearly says that by following these laws, you remain away from misery and get bliss. There is also a prayer in Rig Veda 1-25-1," O, merciful God, be kind to us as we violate your laws, knowingly and unknowingly day after day." Obviously this simple prayer is a reminder to the men and women to start knowing, understanding and following these laws for their own interest as well as for the interest of the entire mankind and other animate life. By following these laws one can understand the Purpose of Human Birth which Vedas tell us is “to assist the Viswakarma (Supreme Architect) in the maintenance of His Grand wondrous Design. These holy laws are inviolable, immutable and eternal (R.V.1-12-7 and 1-24-10). If at any stage the concept of righteousness deviates even slightly from the divine laws conveyed to us through the divine Nature Prakrti as Rta, that is no longer Dharma.

Rig-Veda 1- 22-8 decrees that all things in this world, middle region and heaven follow eternal laws ordained by Him. Yajur Veda 24-42 further tells us that all pathways HE guides with Rta which are also moral laws. Aittrya Upanishad 4-1 and Taittrya Upanishad 1-2 reiterate this divine truth.

Each Vedic Rta is complete in itself and no further evolution in these laws is possible. These are for once and ever. If any Rta is different for different periods of history, area or country, it is not Rta. These laws of God and for some as laws of Nature are applicable universally and for all periods to come in the future as well. Tampering and transgressing these laws is misery and death (Y.V. 25-13 and A.V 3-30-4). Those opposed to Rta and Satya produce for themselves deep abyss of sufferings (R.V.1-5-20, 4-5-5, 5-51-2). By ignoring the two Vedic concepts i.e. Rta and Iddm Nan Mmam (Vedic enlightened liberalism) the individuals can precipitate cosmic and social disorder.

The moral law of moderation or golden mean also is derived from the flow of river i.e. containing one self within limits by avoidance of all kinds of excesses- both affluence and deficiency by following middle path within certain tolerance limits. The river is useful so long as it remains within two banks and also continues to flow. Moha i.e. attachment/infatuation to children is cause of trouble. The children have their own souls, karma and thoughts. Vedas refer to children as God's children. Their parents are only the custodians and trustees of the children on behalf of God. It is parent’s duty to impart them good education, Vedic Vidya which should cover divine, spiritual and material knowledge. Sankracharya describes Vedic education as para and apara jnan- both higher and lower.

Prem Sabhlok

 

http://www.sabhlokcity.com/metaphysics/

4th April 2014 HomeArticles Written by Prem Sabhlok

Vedic Rta

A Brief Description of the Cosmic Laws of Necessity

 

“Rtam, Satyam, Vijnani” – True knowledge is knowing the Truth that is Rta.

As you sow so shall you reap - cause of rebirth of human beings. - Vedic Rta

The ideal of all religions, all sects is one and the same – The attaining of liberty and cessation of misery. Whenever you find religion, you find this ideal working in one form or another. Of course in lower stages of religion it is not so well expressed; but still, well or ill-expressed, it is the one goal to which every religion approaches. All of us want to get rid of misery; we are struggling to attain liberty - physical, mental, spiritual. This is the whole idea upon which the world is working.

Rtam, Satyam, Dharmmam”- Cosmic Laws (Rta) are eternal truths (Satyam) and following these Laws of Nature is Vedic Dharma

Paths can be many but all Paths should lead to welfare of Mankind. Thus Vedas are the only scriptures that have laid down the cosmic laws for the welfare of entire Mankind. In the Vedas, Dharma is Rta. These are priori principles known to individuals as “real self”. Having created these laws (Rta), Vedas say god follows them sternly. These laws are eternal and any cosmic laws, which changes with time, is not a Vedic Rta. These laws cover comprehensively human conduct, avoidance of all material excesses, enlightened liberalism, selfless action, path of virtue etc. Not following these laws is adharma.

In about 17,000 mantars/riks/hymns four Vedas contain, a very large number of subjects are relating to material (pertaining to perishable), spiritual (relating to withdraw able) and divine (relating to eternal) subjects. These laws are commandments of God for social and moral order, apart from good conduct and harmonious living of human beings. Atharva Veda 4-1-3 tells us that from the bosom of the sacred cosmic word OM, He brought forth the world- on high, below where He abides in His own Laws. Cosmic Laws of Necessity (Rta) contained in the Book of Nature which even blind persons and all animate life on earth, water, firmament can read, is a major subject of Vedas. For the cosmic laws the terms used in the Vedas are Rta, Ritane and Vratani. Yajur Veda 6-4 ordains “O, man study God's works of creation, preservation and dissolution whereby He determines His laws”. These are eternal laws and have passed through barbarism, ruthless tyranny, autocracy, oligarchy, age of reason, science and technology, pure idealism to extreme of materialism, but still remain the same and guide the mankind throughout the world. Thus more appropriate­ly we can describe these laws as the Will of God and it is the sum total of all causes, all divine laws scattered over time and space through the functioning of the Nature.

According to Yajur Veda 26-1, we get true knowledge of these cosmic laws from seven forces of the Nature viz.; the Sun, Moon, firmament, waters, clouds, fire and the earth, which are all beneficial to the mankind and make our paths pleasant and comfortable. Taittrya Upanishad 1-2 says, if religion is dharma (righteousness), it is then Rta. To bring unity in diversity there are concepts like Three bodies in one (tri-ani-pada), Seven means of getting knowledge, 108 beads in Vyjanti mala based on distance between Earth, Moon and Sun in the ratio of 108 (since proved in laboratory) as mentioned in the book Glimpses of Vedic Metaphysics. The concept of "Seven" has some sanctity in the Vedas as these Shrutis prescribe "Seven" types of knowledge based on functioning of divine Nature and gross Universe. Vedic seers and sages seemed to have found the concept of seven in many spiritual and divine activities. According to Rig-Veda 1-58-7, the Soul (Atman) has seven means to get outside knowledge of the phenomenal world i.e. five senses, mind and intellect. There are seven rays of the Sun consisting of seven colors (R.V.1-62-4), which the modern Physicists describe through the word VIBGYOR- violent, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange and red. There are seven meters (Chhanda) for each Vedic hymn or rik like Gayatri, Ushnavi, Anusthup etc. There are seven Worlds in the Brahamand- both visible and non visible cosmos (R.V.1-146-1). Seven heavens and seven communities in harmony in the visible and non-visible cosmos. There are seven subtle Pranas (vital breaths) which provide heat energy to all animate life. Vedic seers and sages name these as prana, apana, udana, sytra, atma, koorma and samana. These vital breaths consist of subtle particles (R.V.1-71-7). In the Vedas there is also mention of three more Pranas consisting of gross atoms. Again there is a mention of seven notes of music when in harmony create sweet and melodious sound, seven colors of flame of holy fire (R.V 1-58-7).

From this concept of Seven, Vedas tell us that out of various diversities in the Nature (divine Prakrti) human beings can achieve harmony, cooperation and unity. In fact unity of soul, spirit, body and matter is also an important subject of the Vedas. In all animate and inanimate life spirit and matter go together as due to spirit in shuniya (void) even inanimate things have unsuspected vitality. This concept of "Seven" in the Nature and universe was applied by the then metaphysicists ( Rishis of yore) in the Vedic education system and symbolically assigned this attribute of Prakrti to Saraswati devi (Being of light with no form). She is the over all in- charge of seven streams of knowledge and presides over education. She is also one of the 33 formless devas and devis of Prakrti and also presides over Music with seven notes in harmony. Thus Vedic para jnan - higher harmonized knowledge of divinity, spirit and matter is based on Vedic Rta (cosmic Laws of necessity) relating to Seven. Only when seven streams of knowledge are known, one can understand the Supreme Reality in all its forms and aspects. They named this supreme reality as Brahman and the student who acquires His knowledge was described as Brhamanchari. To acquire complete knowledge of seven streams of Vidya, the education system stretches till the age of 48 years of the student, when the degree of Aditya is awarded. Aditya in the Vedas is akin to deva -the nearest English translation is god.

These seven streams of knowledge cover complete jnan, vijnan and ajnan. Jnan is divine knowledge, Vijnan is scientific spiritual knowledge and Ajnan is only material knowledge of inert matter. Material knowledge bereft of Jnan and Vijnan is avidya or ignorance but when in harmony with these it is Vidya (perfect knowledge). These seven streams of knowledge cover ten sciences, military science, social sciences and 16 kinds of arts, philosophy and metaphysics. Based on the functioning of Nature, concepts of seven and Rta, Vedic education aims at creating unity in diversity while harmonizing spirit and matter, body and soul, a-priori and a-posteriori knowledge.

 With a view to emphasize the divinity in the concept of seven, Vedic seers and sages provided Mother hymn Gayatri mantra, seven times in Vedas. In this mother hymn there is a prayer to God that during our three stages of being awake, asleep and even in our dreams, also referred as gross, subtle and causal states, we should be blessed with complete knowledge of the Supreme Reality. We spread the same in society and shine like Savitar deva-the Sun.

The religious mythology refers to seven streams of water emerging from the hair locks of lord Shiva and then converging into one big stream named as Ganga- the river Ganges . In the Vedas word Ganga also appears but with no mythology. The seven streams of knowledge when merge and constitute Vedic Vidya, para Jnan or higher knowledge that stage is referred as Ganga- the river of perfect knowledge. Rig Veda 1-174-2 says," after acquiring the knowledge of seven streams, even seven fortifications of the wicked persons following non-divine activities and professions, get destroyed and enemies become friends." Thus Adityas who are akin to devas and gods, when they spread knowledge as preceptors (gurus), even wicked persons start becoming virtuous and friendly.

Athrava Veda mentions there were many religions at that time in harmony with each other. If God wanted He could have made us part of one religion, one community but He desired differently. God desired that all religions should compete with each other based on Rta eternal Laws of Nature for the welfare of mankind and other animate/inanimate life/things. This holy injunction is clearly meant to create unity in diversity by providing divine sanctity to the noble concept.

The great importance given to Rta in the Vedas can be appreciated from the description of these laws in Rig Veda 1-75- 5 where it says, " ritam. satyam vijnani ", which would literally mean "absolute truth which is Rta, is the only true knowledge." Rig Veda 1-24-15 clearly says that by following these laws, you remain away from misery and get bliss. There is also a prayer in Rig Veda 1-25-1," O, merciful God, be kind to us as we violate your laws, knowingly and unknowingly day after day." Obviously this simple prayer is a reminder to the men and women to start knowing, understanding and following these laws for their own interest as well as for the interest of the entire mankind and other animate life. By following these laws one can understand the Purpose of Human Birth which Vedas tell us is “to assist the Viswakarma (Supreme Architect) in the maintenance of His Grand wondrous Design. These holy laws are inviolable, immutable and eternal (R.V.1-12-7 and 1-24-10). If at any stage the concept of righteousness deviates even slightly from the divine laws conveyed to us through the divine Nature Prakrti as Rta, that is no longer Dharma.

Rig-Veda 1- 22-8 decrees that all things in this world, middle region and heaven follow eternal laws ordained by Him. Yajur Veda 24-42 further tells us that all pathways HE guides with Rta which are also moral laws. Aittrya Upanishad 4-1 and Taittrya Upanishad 1-2 reiterate this divine truth.

Each Vedic Rta is complete in itself and no further evolution in these laws is possible. These are for once and ever. If any Rta is different for different periods of history, area or country, it is not Rta. These laws of God and for some as laws of Nature are applicable universally and for all periods to come in the future as well. Tampering and transgressing these laws is misery and death (Y.V. 25-13 and A.V 3-30-4). Those opposed to Rta and Satya produce for themselves deep abyss of sufferings (R.V.1-5-20, 4-5-5, 5-51-2). By ignoring the two Vedic concepts i.e. Rta and Iddm Nan Mmam (Vedic enlightened liberalism) the individuals can precipitate cosmic and social disorder.

The moral law of moderation or golden mean also is derived from the flow of river i.e. containing one self within limits by avoidance of all kinds of excesses- both affluence and deficiency by following middle path within certain tolerance limits. The river is useful so long as it remains within two banks and also continues to flow. Moha i.e. attachment/infatuation to children is cause of trouble. The children have their own souls, karma and thoughts. Vedas refer to children as God's children. Their parents are only the custodians and trustees of the children on behalf of God. It is parent’s duty to impart them good education, Vedic Vidya which should cover divine, spiritual and material knowledge. Sankracharya describes Vedic education as para and apara jnan- both higher and lower.

 

http://www.sabhlokcity.com/metaphysics/

4th April 2014 magazine Archive : January Written by Dhyan Praveshika Team

A Zentory

(Zen Story)





I see the pond

I see the images in the pond,

is the image the pond ?

is the pond the image?

then what are these two?

independent or one?

who is the seer?

If the seer did not exist would the pond exist?

would the image in the pond exist?

so only if the seer exists , does the pond and the image exist


does the pond feel the same joy the seer  feels when the seer  sees  the pond?

or the image  in the pond ?

yet  the seer feels joy

............ Is the seer and the pond one?

if not why would i feel joy for an image in something else

Is the image in the pond ,and the pond .......................an image in the seer?

So is the seer , the pond and the image in the pond........one?



There are ripples in the pond

So the image in the pond , the pond , the ripples in the pond and the seer are one?

do all feel joy together?

or
is it just the seer who feels joy?

Or is the joy .........the image in the pond, and seer just observes the joy?


 Is the seer all the ripples on the pond, Or
does he just identify with one ripple?

All the ripples always die, replaced by new ripples,

so why do most seers identify with one ripple?

The seer is  the pond and the ripples in the pond , and the images in the pond?

Which
then is the space in which this seer exists ?

Is there another seer , who sees the seer ?

the question arises

 who is the seer , or what is the seer ?

or ........................where is the seer?

If i write this note , writing about the seer in abstract

can I be the seer
of the seer ?

all lines are blurred between the pond the image in the pond , the seer and the I observing the seer

I dont even know where is the emotion.

In me
?, or the seer who observes the pond ?, or in the pond where the seer observes the joy in the pond?

Thoughts are futile .

Why  think?

............ just be

just be the joy that spontaneously erupts

understand there are no lines , everything is one

you are the image, the pond the joy the seer and the observer of the seer

everything is one

in silence

be in the moment with no thoughts

Satori

 

 

The Possible meanings of the Title Zentory

 肚裏 "tori" means "in the heart" So Zentory, means Zen in the Heart

A torii (鳥居?, lit. bird abode, /ˈtɔəri.iː/) is a traditional Japanese gate most commonly found at the entrance of or within a Shinto shrine, where it symbolically marks the transition from the profane to the sacred………………………….which would mean a  zen transition from the profane to the sacred.

 

 

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4th April 2014 magazine Archive :december Written by Dhyan Praveshika Team

GANAPATI ATHARVASIRSHA

T.N.Sethumadhavan


Lord Ganapati is the most popular Deity among the Hindus. No Pooja or religious rites or for that matter no daily activity in any Hindu household commences without first worshipping Ganapati. Ganapati worship is as old as Hinduism itself. The reason for this common form of prayer is not far to seek.

 

Human life is beset with more of thorns than roses. In order to face the daily struggle against all odds man needs some support and protection. As all human beings sail in the same boat, such assistance can come about from some super human factor alone. By intuition, experience and scriptural knowledge he realized that offering prayers to Ganapati before beginning any human enterprise or venture can go a long way in mitigating the difficulties that he may face on his way. He was convinced that even a little success he achieves in his endeavors is due to the mercy granted to him by the Almighty Ganapati. The Lord Ganapati is therefore called by different names such as Vighneshwara, Vighna Vinayaka, Sukha Karta, Vighna Harta etc. implying His qualities as the universal problem solver and remover of all impediments on all paths. 

 

Lord Ganapati has several names like Ganesha, Gajaanana, Ekadanta, Lambodara, Kapila, Vakratunda, Surpakarna, Heramba, Vighnaraja, Siddhivinayaka, Mushikavahana etc. signifying his multifarious attributes.


GANAPATI IN VEDAS

 

There is no Hindu who does not recognize the pre-eminence of the worship of this mysteriously conceived deity called Ganapati whose name occurs right in the beginning of the Rigveda itself, the earliest of the scriptures in the entire world. In this Veda we get the popular Mantra “OM Ganaanaam tvam ganapatim havaamahe ….” which is a tribute to Lord Ganesha praising His various attributes.

GANAPATI IN UPANISHADS

 

Every Upanishad commences with Omkara and Omkara is the form of Ganapati. The following four Upanishads specifically deal with the true significance and form of Ganesha Viz.1. Sri Ganesha Poorva Taapini Upanishad 2. Ganesha Uttaraa Taapini Upanishad 3.Heramba Upanishad and 4. Ganaapati Upanishad or Ganapati Atharvasirsha or Ganapati Atharvasirsha Upanishad which is the subject mater of this essay.


GANAPATI IN SMRITIS

 

Ganesha worship is referred to in all the Smritis particularly in Brihat Paraashara Smriti, Yaagnavalkya Smriti and Maanavagruhya Sutra. Valmiki Ramayan also mentions Ganesha and His Omkara Rupa. It is interesting to note that Lord Ganesha rendered His services as a stenographer to sage Veda Vyasa for taking down his dictation of the immortal epic, Mahabharata.

 

GANAPATI IN PURANAS

 

Ganesha Mahima is discussed in many Puranas. Ganesha Purana, wherein Ganesha Gita finds place, Brahma Vaivarta Purana and Mudgal Purana elaborately explain the hidden implications of the real form of Ganesha. Besides the Shrutis and Smritis many saints, sages and devotees from all parts of India have sung in praise of Ganapati.


SIVA AND GANAPATI

 

Siva made Ganesha as the leader of His hosts or Ganaas or celestial servants who are demi-gods. As Ganesha is the leader of the hosts of Lord Siva Himself he came to be called as Ganapati or the Lord of the Ganaas (Ganaanaam Pati or The Lord of the Ganaas is Ganapati). These Ganaas are ruled by Ganapati under the orders of Siva. Apart from making Ganapati as the leader of hosts, Lord Siva bestowed another blessing on Him saying “You shall be the first one to be worshipped on all occasions and that no one will be worshipped before you, not even Me. After you are worshipped alone, will anybody else be worshipped”.

“Om Gam Ganapataye Namah” occurring in Ganapati Atharvasisrsha is the Mantra to propitiate Ganapati.


SYMBOLIC PHILOSOPHY OF THE FORM OF GANAPATI   

                       

There are several legends and stories explaining the birth of the elephant headed form of Ganapati and His vehicle, the mouse. His two feet represent the power of knowledge and the power of action. The elephant head signifies the symbol ‘OM’. Ganesha riding on tiny mouse indicates the complete conquest over egoism. The biggest and smallest living beings in the forms of an elephant and a mouse denote that Ganesha is the source of the evolutionary process of creatures from the smallest mouse to the biggest elephant and finally becoming a human. This is why Ganesha has a human body, an elephant’s head and a mouse as His vehicle.

 

 

GANAPATI ATHARVASIRSHOPANISHAD

 

Shri Ganapati Atharvasirsha occurs in the Atharvana Veda. It is considered to be the most important Vedic text on Lord Ganesha. This is a very highly popular stotra, particularly in entire Maharashtra after the Ganapati worship was taken out of the temple precincts and brought to the public places as a social movement in the shape of community worship of The Lord.


Atharva means firmness, non-wavering, single pointedness of purpose, while sirsha means intellect. This means by controlling the unsteady and outgoing mind, man’s intellect can be directed towards liberation or ‘Atmonnati’.
The full text of Ganapati Atharva Sirsha with its Bhaavaartha (general meanings) is given below for the benefit of the readers.


TEXT OF GANAPATI ATHARVASIRSHA

.. shaanti mantra..

Peace Invocation

 

aum bhadram karnebhih shrunuyaama devaah .

bhadram pashyemaakshabhiryajatraah ..

sthirairangaistushhtuvaan sastanuubhih .

vyashema devahitam yadaayuh ..


O Gods.. Let us hear auspicious things through our ears, see good things through our eyes, May we spend the life time allotted to us by utilizing our strong bodies in offering our services and praises to You.


aum svasti na indro vriddhashravaah .

svasti nah puushhaa vishvavedaah ..

svasti nastaarkshyo arishhtanemih .

svasti no brihaspatirdadhaatu ..

aum shaantih . shaantih .. shaantih...


May the gods Indra, Puusha, Garuda and Brihaspati bestow blessings on us and protect us.


Om Peace Peace Peace

 

THE UPANISHAD  

                                                           

Adidaivat Pratipaadhak Khand

 

aum namaste ganapataye ..

tvameva pratyaksham tattvamasi .. tvameva kevalam kartaasi ..

tvameva kevalam dhartaasi .. tvameva kevalam hartaasi ..

tvameva sarvam khalvidam brahmaasi ..

tvam saakshaadaatmaasi nityam .. 1..


I bow to thee, O Ganapati, who is the Lord of all the groups of Deities ranging from Brahma. You are the personified form of Brahman or the Brhmatattva. You are the creator, protector and destroyer of all beings. You are the in-dweller, eternal, all pervading Brahman embodied in all of us as Self. 1

Svapratignaatmak Khand


ritam vachmi.. satyam vachmi.. 2..


I shall speak the scriptural truth and experiential truth only.2

 

Vighna Rakshanaruup Khand


ava tvam maam .. ava vaktaaram .. ava shrotaaram..

ava daataaram .. ava dhaataaram..

avaanuuchaanamava sishhyam..

ava pashchaattaat.. ava purastaat ..

avottaraattaat .. ava dakshinaattaat..

ava chordhvaattaat .. avaadharaattaat ..

sarvato maam paahi paahi samantaat .. 3..


Please, protect me, who is speaking about your true form. Please protect me who is hearing about your noble qualities. Please protect me who is teaching your adorations and worship to the other disciples. Please protect me who imbibes the spirit of Sadhana for your worship. Please protect me from all the obstacles in the way of my worshipping You emanating from all the sides and the directions (North, South, East and West, Above and Below). 3


Aadhyaatmapratipadhak Khand


tvam vaangmayastvam chinmayah ..

tvamaanandamayastvam brahmamayah ..

tvam sachchidaanandaadvitiiyosi ..

tvam pratyaksham brahmaasi ..

tvam jnaanamayo vijnaanamayosi .. 4..


You are the word, deed and thought. You are the truth, consciousness and bliss. You are the One only and non-dual Universal Self. You are the personified Brahma, appearing before us. You are the entire knowledge and wisdom. 4

Aadidaivat Varnanaatmak Khand


sarvam jagadidam tvatto jaayate ..

sarvam jagadidam tvattastishthati ..

sarvam jagadidam tvayi layameshyati ..

sarvam jagadidam tvayi pratyeti ..

tvam bhuumiraapo.analo.anilo nabhah ..

tvam chatvaari vaakpadaani .. 5..

 

This entire world has arisen from you, been nourished by you and dissolved into you. You support this moving and unmoving world. You are the five elements of earth, water, fire, air and ether. You are the four levels of speech viz. para, pashyanti, madhyama and vaikhari. 5


Aadhyaatma Prakaashak Khand


tvam gunatrayaatiitah tvamavasthaatrayaatiitah ..

tvam dehatrayaatiitah .. tvam kaalatrayaatiitah..

tvam muulaadhaarasthithosi nityam ..

tvam shaktitrayaatmakah ..

tvaam yogino dhyaayanti nityam ..

tvam brahmaa tvam vishhnustvam rudrastvam indrastvam agnistvam vaayustvam

suuryastvam chandramaastvam brahmabhuurbhuvah svarom .. 6..


You are beyond the three Gunas- sattwa, rajas and tamas. You are beyond the three states of consciousness - waking, dreaming and deep sleep. You are beyond the three states of body- gross, subtle and causal. You are beyond the three time-periods – past, present and future. You are seated in the Mooladhara Chakra in the physical body from where the Kundalini shakti arises. You are the source of three types of energy viz creation, maintenance and dissolution. You are always being meditated upon by the sages. You are the creator Brahma, the protector Vishnu and the destroyer Rudra .. You are the Indra, the Fire, the Air, the Sun, the Moon. You are Brahma, the three worlds viz. prithvi, antariksh and svarg and also the Pranava – OM. 6


Ganesha Vidya Khand


ganaadim puurvamuchchaarya varnaadim tadanantaram ..

anusvaarah paratarah .. ardhendulasitam .. taarena riddham ..

etattavamanusvaruupam .. gakaarah puurvaruupam..

akaaro madhyamaruupam .. anusvaarashchaantyaruupam ..

binduruttararuupam .. naadah sandhaanam ..

samhitaasandhih .. saishhaa ganeshavidyaa ..

ganakarishih .. nichridgaayatrii chchandah ..

ganapatirdevataa .. aum gam ganapataye namah .. 7..


Your name starts with the letter 'ga', and ends with the letter 'sha' and in between come the letter 'a' and anuswara 'n'. These have symbolic meanings representing the 'ganas' of prosody, and the letters and sounds of 'akaara''anuswara' of the language and the ‘sandhis’ of the grammar. The sage of this hymn is 'Ganaka', its meter is 'nichridgayatrii' and the presiding deity is 'Ganapati'. After describing the structure of the mantra the Rishi gives the full form of the manra as ‘Om Gam’ after which one has to utter ‘Ganapataye Namah’ and then offer Namaskaars.

This part is giving the deeper Vedic meaning of the mantrabiija ga (m*) and is called the Ganeshavidyaa. 7


Sri Ganesha Gayatri Mantra Khand


ekadantaaya vidmahe vakratundaaya dhiimahi ..

tanno dantih prachodayaat .. 8..


Praise be to the bearer of the single tusk and crooked trunk. May we be inspired by this knowledge and meditation? 8


Dhyaanaatmak Khand


ekadantam chaturhastam paashamankusha dhaarinam ..

radam cha varadam hastairbibhraanam muushhakadhvajam ..

raktam lambodaram shuurpakarnakam raktavaasasam ..

raktagandhaanuliptaangam raktapushhpaih supuujitam ..

bhaktaanukampinam devam jagatkaaranamachyutam ..

aavirbhuutam cha srishhtyaadau prakriteh purushhaatparam ..

evam dhyaayati yo nityam sa yogii yoginaam varah .. 9..


After describing the Lord in the Mantra form, the sage now paints His physical form for the purposes of meditation on Him. The Lord is holding a tusk, a rope, an instrument 'ankusha' in three hands and the fourth hand is showing the boon-giving posture (vara mudra). He has his body smeared with a red fragrant paste. He is wearing a red dress and being worshipped by red flowers. He has the mouse as his vehicle. He has a large stomach and long ears. He is compassionate to His devotees. He is the cause of all the ‘leelas’ in this earth. He appeared before the creation of this universe. He is beyond the primordial Nature or Prakriti and Purusha. That sage who meditates on the Lord in this form is better than those who meditate otherwise. 9


Stutipratipaadhak Khand


namo vraatapataye . namo ganapataye . namah pramathapataye . namaste.astu lambodaraaya ekadantaaya. vighnanaashine shivasutaaya . shrii varadamuurtaye namo namah .. 10..

 

Salutations to the Lord of Gods and the Lord of the group of Ganas or hosts created by Siva,. Salutations to the Lord of the Sevak of  Sankara.  Salutations to the large limbed and the single tusked Ganapati. Salutations to the destroyer of obstacles, to the son of Shiva and the boon-giver incarnate, Ganapati. 10

Phalashruti

etadatharvashiirsham yo.adhiite .. sa brahmabhuuyaaya kalpate ..

.. sa sarva vighnairnabaadhyate .. sa sarvatah sukhamedhate

sa panchamahaapaapaatpramuchyate ..

saayamadhiiyaano divasakritam paapam naashayati ..

praataradhiiyaano raatrikritam paapam naashayati ..

saayampraatah prayunjaano apaapo bhavati ..

sarvatraadhiiyaano.apavighno bhavati ..

dharmaarthakaamamoksham cha vindati ..

idamatharvashiirshhamashishhyaaya na deyam ..

yo yadi mohaaddaasyati sa paapiiyaan bhavati..

sahasraavartanaat yam yam kaamamadhiite..

tam tamanena saadhayet .. 11..


The one who studies Atharvasiirsham becomes qualified to become Brahma himself. He will not be afflicted by any obstacles and attains all-round happiness. He will be released from the five great sins.


If one studies this Upanishad in the evening he is absolved of the sins committed during the day; if studied in the morning the sins of the night are washed away; if studied both in the morning and evening, one is totally absolved of all sins. If studied always, one is freed from all obstacles; one obtains the benefits of all the four Purushaarthas (dharma, artha, kaama and moksha). However, one should not teach this to the undeserving student i.e. to the one who does not have faith and devotion to this scripture. If done so, out of greed for wealth, such a teacher becomes a great sinner. If one studies this Upanishad a thousand times according to prescribed Shastras, one achieves whatever is desired for.11

anena ganapatimabhishhinchati sa vaagmii bhavati ..

chaturthyaamanashnan japati sa vidyaavaan bhavati .

sa yashovaan bhavati ..

ityatharvanavaakyam .. brahmaadyaavaranam vidyaat

na bibheti kadaachaneti .. 12..


The devotee who performs Abhishek to the idol of Ganapati becomes a master in the art of speech. The devotee who studies this scripture on the Chaturthi by observing fast becomes a great and famous scholar. This is the final opinion of the Atharvasirsha. The one who practices this Brahma Vidya knows no fear, never.12

yo duurvaankurairyajati sa vaishravanopamo bhavati ..

yo laajairyajati sa yashovaan bhavati ..

sa medhaavaan bhavati ..

yo modakasahasrena yajati

sa vaanchitaphalamavaapnoti ..

yah saajyasamidbhiryajati

sa sarvam labhate sa sarvam labhate .. 13..


He who worships with 'Dhuurva' flowers becomes equal to the lord of wealth (Kubera), the worshipper who uses rice flakes, becomes a man of fame and scholarship, if one worships by offering a thousand coconuts and sugar mixed rice balls, obtains whatever is desired for and one who performs Yagna with ghee and ‘samidha’ sticks attains everything, everything indeed.13


ashhtau braahmanaan samyag graahayitvaa

suuryavarchasvii bhavati ..

suuryagrahe mahaanadyaam pratimaasannidhau

vaa japtvaa siddhamantro bhavati ..

mahaavighnaat pramuchyate .. mahaadoshhaat pramuchyate ..

mahaapaapaat pramuchyate ..mahaapratyavaayaat pramuchyate..

sa sarvavidbhavati sa sarvavidbhavati ..

ya evam veda ityupanishad .. 14..


By teaching this (atharva) to eight brahmins properly, one becomes bright like the Sun. If the idol of Ganapati is worshipped by chanting this mantra, at the time of the solar eclipse, by standing in a great river like Ganga or Yamuna etc., one gets the full effect of the mantra and becomes a Siddha in that field. He is released from great obstacles, great defects/imperfections and great sins. He who knows this truth becomes the all-knower; he becomes the all-knower. Know this as the end of the Upanishad.14


.. shaanti mantra ..

Peace Invocation


aum sahanaavavatu .. sahanaubhunaktu ..

saha viiryam karavaavahai ..

tejasvinaavadhiitamastu maa vidvishhaavahai ..

aum shaantih . shaantih .. shaantih...


Let us both (the teacher and the taught) be protected together, let us
enjoy together, let us endeavour together, let our study be resplendent, let us not hate or quarrel with each other.


Om Peace Peace Peace

May there be peace all around (both outside and inside us).

 

 

<<<000>>>

NATURE OF RELIGIONS

I have borrowed a four line analogy from Kabirdas, a North Indian saint born in 1440, who took pride in chiding all religions. I cannot recall the exact words but the essence is what I have taken and expanded on.

 

 

5 men stand next to a lake.

 

The first one points to the lake and says, “This is pani”(water in Hindi)

The second one says, “No this is not pani this is thanni.” (Water in Tamil)

The third one says, “You both are wrong, it is neither pani or thanni, its air puthi” (water in the Malay language)

The fourth one says, “This is all nonsense, its called Water”!!!

The last one laughs and says “you guys are funny. You are all wrong this is Voda” (water in Russian)

 

The five men are by now angry with each other. They then start to beat each other up.

 

We villagers stand there watching the show.

 

 

This then my friends…………. is the story of all religions in the world.

 

It should be so evident that we all come from the same anvil. We all laugh, cry, and bleed in the same way. Even to a kid it should be evident that we come from the same factory/production line/ hands of the same maker and yet………………..

 

So why do we all end up fighting?

 

The answer is simple…………………we villagers end up talking sides with the people standing next to the lake fighting.

 

So if you laughed at the story above, think again, the joke is on us.

 

Let me continue to analyze the analogy above and the situations it ends up generating.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conversion through Intimidation:  Is when the third man leans on the others and says, I will beat you guys if you all don’t agree with me that this is air putih and not whatever you guys call it.

(Water in Malay)

 

Conversion through bribes : Is when the English speaking man leans across and says, pssssssst villagers, wink wink, I will give you free education and medical and lots of international aid, if you guys all agree with me that this is Water……….its not voda, pani. air puthi or thanni.

 

Conviction of being the sole owner of the truth: The second guy pops up and says "it has to be thannii " We have been calling it thanni for the last 6000 years.

 

Politics of power:  I have insider knowledge from a very knowledgeable source and I am the only one to get to know this, its called pani. No one else is aware of this fact.. If anyone else tells you otherwise, don’t believe them. Listen to me. Everyone else is wrong. It's Pani folks.

 

Business: Hi you villagers, if anyone of you wishes to drink water, please line up and pay us and collect your ticket, before I let you drink water from the lake.

 

Arrogance: You dirty unwashed country bumpkins, you are not fit to study. So listen to me the learned man. This is called Thanni.

 

Scare tactics: If you guys don’t agree with me and call it water, you will all burn in god’s hell for denying its called water,

 

Denial: There is no lake, there is no water, it’s all emptiness and illusion. Look within you the water is within.

 

War: O cool, looks like most of the villagers are supporting me. Ok guys lets get together and beat up the other guys who are a minority now and take control of the lake.

 

Terror:  Banzaiii! I have a bomb strapped to me. I will kill myself and as many as you as possible for not agreeing with me that its air putih!!!!

 

Peer group pressure . In this village we all have agreed that its called Voda. You have all come from outside calling it strange names. We will not let you live in our village. We will make your social life difficult and if any harm comes to you, we are not responsible.

 

Brain washing: Look into my eyes, Say it repeatedly and continuously, over and over again, day and night.. Its called Thanni. its called thanni, its called Thanni. its called Thanni.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Awe: Ok you village folks. We are now standing in this great big awesome building. It can take in a zeppelin and two Boeings and also the Niagra falls. Do you think all this was built for nothing? Come on folks, you are all now supposed to say water.

 

 

By this time, I was really really thirsty. All I could say was, gentlemen, I just want to drink what is in the lake behind you, I am thirsty, can you step aside, All you guys are blocking the path and confusing me. Please let me get to the lake. I don’t care what you call it, I just want to drink of it.

 

 

Na dvitityo Na triyaschthurtho naapyuchyate

 N a panchamo Na shshtah sapthmo naapyuchyate|

 Nashtamo Na navamo dashamo naapyuchyate|

 Yagna yetham devamekavritham veda||

 Sa sarvassai vi pashyathi yachha praanathi yachhana|

 Tamidam nigatam sah sa  yesha yeka yekavrideka yeva|

  Ya yetham devamekavritham veda||  

                                                                                        Atharva  Veda 13.4[2]19-20

 

There is no second God, nor a third, nor is even a fourth spoken of

There is no fifth God or a sixth nor is even a seventh mentioned.

There is no eighth God, nor a ninth. Nothing is spoken about a tenth even

This unique power is in itself. That God is only one, the only omnipresent. It is one and the only one.

 

https://twitter.com/#!/sanjayrao1010

Vedic Rta

A Brief Description of the Cosmic Laws of Necessity

“Rtam, Satyam, Vijnani” – True knowledge is knowing the Truth that is Rta.

As you sow so shall you reap - cause of rebirth of human beings. - Vedic Rta

The ideal of all religions, all sects is one and the same – The attaining of liberty and cessation of misery. Whenever you find religion, you find this ideal working in one form or another. Of course in lower stages of religion it is not so well expressed; but still, well or ill-expressed, it is the one goal to which every religion approaches. All of us want to get rid of misery; we are struggling to attain liberty - physical, mental, spiritual. This is the whole idea upon which the world is working.

Rtam, Satyam, Dharmmam”- Cosmic Laws (Rta) are eternal truths (Satyam) and following these Laws of Nature is Vedic Dharma

Paths can be many but all Paths should lead to welfare of Mankind. Thus Vedas are the only scriptures that have laid down the cosmic laws for the welfare of entire Mankind. In the Vedas, Dharma is Rta. These are priori principles known to individuals as “real self”. Having created these laws (Rta), Vedas say god follows them sternly. These laws are eternal and any cosmic laws, which changes with time, is not a Vedic Rta. These laws cover comprehensively human conduct, avoidance of all material excesses, enlightened liberalism, selfless action, path of virtue etc. Not following these laws is adharma.

In about 17,000 mantars/riks/hymns four Vedas contain, a very large number of subjects are relating to material (pertaining to perishable), spiritual (relating to withdraw able) and divine (relating to eternal) subjects. These laws are commandments of God for social and moral order, apart from good conduct and harmonious living of human beings. Atharva Veda 4-1-3 tells us that from the bosom of the sacred cosmic word OM, He brought forth the world- on high, below where He abides in His own Laws. Cosmic Laws of Necessity (Rta) contained in the Book of Nature which even blind persons and all animate life on earth, water, firmament can read, is a major subject of Vedas. For the cosmic laws the terms used in the Vedas are Rta, Ritane and Vratani. Yajur Veda 6-4 ordains “O, man study God's works of creation, preservation and dissolution whereby He determines His laws”. These are eternal laws and have passed through barbarism, ruthless tyranny, autocracy, oligarchy, age of reason, science and technology, pure idealism to extreme of materialism, but still remain the same and guide the mankind throughout the world. Thus more appropriate­ly we can describe these laws as the Will of God and it is the sum total of all causes, all divine laws scattered over time and space through the functioning of the Nature.

According to Yajur Veda 26-1, we get true knowledge of these cosmic laws from seven forces of the Nature viz.; the Sun, Moon, firmament, waters, clouds, fire and the earth, which are all beneficial to the mankind and make our paths pleasant and comfortable. Taittrya Upanishad 1-2 says, if religion is dharma (righteousness), it is then Rta. To bring unity in diversity there are concepts like Three bodies in one (tri-ani-pada), Seven means of getting knowledge, 108 beads in Vyjanti mala based on distance between Earth, Moon and Sun in the ratio of 108 (since proved in laboratory) as mentioned in the book Glimpses of Vedic Metaphysics. The concept of "Seven" has some sanctity in the Vedas as these Shrutis prescribe "Seven" types of knowledge based on functioning of divine Nature and gross Universe. Vedic seers and sages seemed to have found the concept of seven in many spiritual and divine activities. According to Rig-Veda 1-58-7, the Soul (Atman) has seven means to get outside knowledge of the phenomenal world i.e. five senses, mind and intellect. There are seven rays of the Sun consisting of seven colors (R.V.1-62-4), which the modern Physicists describe through the word VIBGYOR- violent, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange and red. There are seven meters (Chhanda) for each Vedic hymn or rik like Gayatri, Ushnavi, Anusthup etc. There are seven Worlds in the Brahamand- both visible and non visible cosmos (R.V.1-146-1). Seven heavens and seven communities in harmony in the visible and non-visible cosmos. There are seven subtle Pranas (vital breaths) which provide heat energy to all animate life. Vedic seers and sages name these as prana, apana, udana, sytra, atma, koorma and samana. These vital breaths consist of subtle particles (R.V.1-71-7). In the Vedas there is also mention of three more Pranas consisting of gross atoms. Again there is a mention of seven notes of music when in harmony create sweet and melodious sound, seven colors of flame of holy fire (R.V 1-58-7).

From this concept of Seven, Vedas tell us that out of various diversities in the Nature (divine Prakrti) human beings can achieve harmony, cooperation and unity. In fact unity of soul, spirit, body and matter is also an important subject of the Vedas. In all animate and inanimate life spirit and matter go together as due to spirit in shuniya (void) even inanimate things have unsuspected vitality. This concept of "Seven" in the Nature and universe was applied by the then metaphysicists ( Rishis of yore) in the Vedic education system and symbolically assigned this attribute of Prakrti to Saraswati devi (Being of light with no form). She is the over all in- charge of seven streams of knowledge and presides over education. She is also one of the 33 formless devas and devis of Prakrti and also presides over Music with seven notes in harmony. Thus Vedic para jnan - higher harmonized knowledge of divinity, spirit and matter is based on Vedic Rta (cosmic Laws of necessity) relating to Seven. Only when seven streams of knowledge are known, one can understand the Supreme Reality in all its forms and aspects. They named this supreme reality as Brahman and the student who acquires His knowledge was described as Brhamanchari. To acquire complete knowledge of seven streams of Vidya, the education system stretches till the age of 48 years of the student, when the degree of Aditya is awarded. Aditya in the Vedas is akin to deva -the nearest English translation is god.

These seven streams of knowledge cover complete jnan, vijnan and ajnan. Jnan is divine knowledge, Vijnan is scientific spiritual knowledge and Ajnan is only material knowledge of inert matter. Material knowledge bereft of Jnan and Vijnan is avidya or ignorance but when in harmony with these it is Vidya (perfect knowledge). These seven streams of knowledge cover ten sciences, military science, social sciences and 16 kinds of arts, philosophy and metaphysics. Based on the functioning of Nature, concepts of seven and Rta, Vedic education aims at creating unity in diversity while harmonizing spirit and matter, body and soul, a-priori and a-posteriori knowledge.

 With a view to emphasize the divinity in the concept of seven, Vedic seers and sages provided Mother hymn Gayatri mantra, seven times in Vedas. In this mother hymn there is a prayer to God that during our three stages of being awake, asleep and even in our dreams, also referred as gross, subtle and causal states, we should be blessed with complete knowledge of the Supreme Reality. We spread the same in society and shine like Savitar deva-the Sun.

The religious mythology refers to seven streams of water emerging from the hair locks of lord Shiva and then converging into one big stream named as Ganga- the river Ganges . In the Vedas word Ganga also appears but with no mythology. The seven streams of knowledge when merge and constitute Vedic Vidya, para Jnan or higher knowledge that stage is referred as Ganga- the river of perfect knowledge. Rig Veda 1-174-2 says," after acquiring the knowledge of seven streams, even seven fortifications of the wicked persons following non-divine activities and professions, get destroyed and enemies become friends." Thus Adityas who are akin to devas and gods, when they spread knowledge as preceptors (gurus), even wicked persons start becoming virtuous and friendly.

Athrava Veda mentions there were many religions at that time in harmony with each other. If God wanted He could have made us part of one religion, one community but He desired differently. God desired that all religions should compete with each other based on Rta eternal Laws of Nature for the welfare of mankind and other animate/inanimate life/things. This holy injunction is clearly meant to create unity in diversity by providing divine sanctity to the noble concept.

The great importance given to Rta in the Vedas can be appreciated from the description of these laws in Rig Veda 1-75- 5 where it says, " ritam. satyam vijnani ", which would literally mean "absolute truth which is Rta, is the only true knowledge." Rig Veda 1-24-15 clearly says that by following these laws, you remain away from misery and get bliss. There is also a prayer in Rig Veda 1-25-1," O, merciful God, be kind to us as we violate your laws, knowingly and unknowingly day after day." Obviously this simple prayer is a reminder to the men and women to start knowing, understanding and following these laws for their own interest as well as for the interest of the entire mankind and other animate life. By following these laws one can understand the Purpose of Human Birth which Vedas tell us is “to assist the Viswakarma (Supreme Architect) in the maintenance of His Grand wondrous Design. These holy laws are inviolable, immutable and eternal (R.V.1-12-7 and 1-24-10). If at any stage the concept of righteousness deviates even slightly from the divine laws conveyed to us through the divine Nature Prakrti as Rta, that is no longer Dharma.

Rig-Veda 1- 22-8 decrees that all things in this world, middle region and heaven follow eternal laws ordained by Him. Yajur Veda 24-42 further tells us that all pathways HE guides with Rta which are also moral laws. Aittrya Upanishad 4-1 and Taittrya Upanishad 1-2 reiterate this divine truth.

Each Vedic Rta is complete in itself and no further evolution in these laws is possible. These are for once and ever. If any Rta is different for different periods of history, area or country, it is not Rta. These laws of God and for some as laws of Nature are applicable universally and for all periods to come in the future as well. Tampering and transgressing these laws is misery and death (Y.V. 25-13 and A.V 3-30-4). Those opposed to Rta and Satya produce for themselves deep abyss of sufferings (R.V.1-5-20, 4-5-5, 5-51-2). By ignoring the two Vedic concepts i.e. Rta and Iddm Nan Mmam (Vedic enlightened liberalism) the individuals can precipitate cosmic and social disorder.

The moral law of moderation or golden mean also is derived from the flow of river i.e. containing one self within limits by avoidance of all kinds of excesses- both affluence and deficiency by following middle path within certain tolerance limits. The river is useful so long as it remains within two banks and also continues to flow. Moha i.e. attachment/infatuation to children is cause of trouble. The children have their own souls, karma and thoughts. Vedas refer to children as God's children. Their parents are only the custodians and trustees of the children on behalf of God. It is parent’s duty to impart them good education, Vedic Vidya which should cover divine, spiritual and material knowledge. Sankracharya describes Vedic education as para and apara jnan- both higher and lower.

Prem Sabhlok

 

http://www.sabhlokcity.com/metaphysics/

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