Mindfulness as a means to enhance perception is an intervention that is gaining popularity and recognition. The word mindfulness originally comes from the Pali word ‘sati’, which means having the ability to be aware and attentive. In other words, mindfulness can be defined as a mental state achieved by focusing one's awareness on the present moment, while calmly acknowledging and accepting one's feelings, thoughts, and bodily sensations. Mindfulness techniques are rapidly taking form of therapeutic techniques.
Many researchers have focused on the following two factors of mindfulness-
1. Non-Judgemental Nature of Mindfulness
2. Present Centred Nature of Mindfulness
Non-judgemental nature of mindfulness enables individuals to make observations without over-identifying situations. This helps develop an attitude of acceptance which further leads to greater curiosity as well as better self-understanding. Moreover mindfulness results in disengaging individuals from habitual patterns and therefore helps in providing a more reflective response to problematic or difficult circumstances.
Present Centred Nature of Mindfulness aims at the de-automatization of habitual judgemental tendencies that limits us from attending to what is happening in the moment.
Researchers have characterized mindfulness as creation of new categories; openness to new information; and awareness of more than one perspective. In other words, mindfulness can be understood as the process of drawing novel distinctions; the distinction will be called novel as far as what is noticed is new to the viewer. As a result of indulgence in this process an individual does not rely on categories and distinctions made in the past (such as biases and stereotypes), but individuals take an action based on the present context. Therefore, mindfulness is predominantly characterized by dwelling in the present.