In ayurvedic culture, 'Vata', 'Pitta', and 'Kapha' are commonly known as the three doshas or the regulating forces of nature. With the wisdom of Ayurvedic culture, it is believed that the balance of the three doshas is extremely important.
It is described as the three fundamental principles that operate in outer nature, as well as in our very own human nature regulating all physiological processes. According to ayurvedic texts, if you know a person's dosha, you know everything about them, spiritually and physically, their temperament, physical constitution, likes and dislikes, dietary needs and more.
The three doshas are comprised up of five elements, Vata comprises of air and space, Pitta comprises of fire and water, and Kapha comprises of earth. Although the three doshas are present everywhere in our physical body, ancient Vedic texts describe a home location for all of the three doshas.
Vata is mainly found below the navel, Pitta is found between the navel and the heart, and Kapha is found above the heart. According to ayurvedic literature, the importance of the balanced doshas is that the body of every living thing is always the residence of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha and that one should know if they are in a balanced or unbalanced state.
A balanced Vata dosha expresses as enthusiasm, smooth function of tissue metabolism and balanced elimination. A balanced Pitta dosha is described as good digestion as well as eyesight, a balanced body temperature, abundance of charisma, happiness and intelligence. A balanced Kapha dosha is said to comprise of strength, forbearance, patience, and a lack of greed.
With a balance of the three doshas, a body is said to be healthy and produce 'Ojas', one of the three subtle forces. An ultimate energy reserve of both the body and mind as well as the purest essence that physically relates to reproductive, hormonal and cerebrospinal fluids. It brings strength, vitality, health, a good metabolism, youthfulness, and positive thoughts. A person with an abundance of Ojas feels blissful and radiates happiness or joy, externally they may display healthy skin and bright eyes.