Yoga has multiples of variations in its philosophies, some are physical, more like a workout and some more focused on meditative Yoga. Kundalini is a mix of both - activating energies which flow through the body. To understand Kundalini we need to understand that working with Kundalini means working with something mystical and intangible. The objective of Kundalini is to actualize the higher self and act as a tool for personal discovery or liberation.
Serpent energy that the Tantric philosophy says is located at the base of the human body when utilized, it can help achieve moksa and bliss. The snake, in yogic culture, is symbolic for Kundalini; The unmanifested energy within you. If a snake is coiled up it’s only noticeable when it moves, the same is the nature of Kundalini, you do not see the coiled-up energy till it moves. When it is still, it’s non-existent, only when it moves you realize there is so much power within you. The envisioned coiled up energy lies in the body two fingers above the rectum and two below the reproductive organs - Muladhara plexus.
The energy at the spine is believed to be female and an essential aspect of the Kundalini as its regarded as Sakti manifested as the serpent energy. Kundalini is regarded as the primeval Sakti, the female principle which emits matter and graces it with colors and form also known as Prakriti (matter). This energy is known to create the material universe Maya.
Moksa through Kundalini begins with getting under the wing of a guru who has gone through the experience and process of Kundalini. The guru will be able to tell if someone can achieve moksa based on their intellectual capabilities. The path of moksa through Kundalini is complex and it has been known that one out of every thousand will succeed on this spiritual journey. Some yoga concepts that are important to understand Kundalini are the six chakras and where they are placed on the body and their operations. Above all of the chakras lies the Sahasrara on top of the cerebral part of the brain. Asanas is another important factor, 84 are mentioned in the Yoga Sutras and other different works, but there are supposedly 84,000,00 meaning only 84 known to humans. During asanas, all limbs must be pressed together for an uninterrupted flow of energy ensuring that the energy is kept in a closed circuit and not wasted. Prana another important factor in understanding the awakening of the Kundalini. Prana is the vital energy that is in everything around us, the air we breathe. It’s known as a part of the ‘Universal Breath’. if a yogi aspires to awaken the Kundalini the prana must not be let go of.
Once the Kundalini awakens it’s directed up through the nerves and conducts prana. There are fourteen main nerves but in Kundalini Yoga three matter the most - Pingala, Ida, and Susumna. The prana flows through the ida and pingala and susumna goes straight up the body through which the Kundalini flows. Pingala starts from the right side of the spinal cord and ends at the left nostril, representing our waking states and leading our actions to violent ones. Ida is a feminine nerve starting from the left side of the spinal cord to the left nostril and symbolizes the moon. As the Kundalini goes upward through the susumna it opens up the nerves at every chakra so the prana can flow through it. The Kundalini reaches the Anja Chakra which gives the yogi supernatural powers, then finally it reaches its final destination Sahasrara. It is believed that at the centre of the Sahasrara, shines the full moon in which there is a triangle of lightning containing the secret Bindu. All gods are known to have worshiped the Bindu and is the basis of moksa. Some say they maintain the energy and for some, the energy returns to its original position.
Once the Kundalini reaches Sahasrara there are many pretenses describing this experience. The simplest is where the yogi gets revealed to a full understanding of the self and gets back to normal life. The entire process of achieving moksa may sound like a simple path but there can be negative consequences if not taken the path with full understanding and under an experienced guru.