The Vedas IV - Sama Veda and Atharva Veda

23rd August 2019 // By Dhyan Praveshika Team // HomeArticles

The Vedas have a divine status because of its immense ancient knowledge and influence. The Sama Veda is one of the four main Vedas, which comes after the Rig Veda and Yajur Veda, making it the third Vedas. In Hindu tradition, throughout history many have believed that the Sama Veda is co-eternal with the divine. In the Bhagwat Gita, Krishna described Sama Veda as one of the most important Vedas.
The Sama Veda compromises of texts written over a large period of time. It includes Samhita (a collection of Hymns), a Brahmana which gives a critical explanation of the Hymns, as well as Upanishads which are more philosophical in nature. Majority of the Hymns are taken from the Rig Veda but altered in significant ways for their use in rituals, which is done through the singing of the hymns. It is believed that the truth of the Vedas manifest in the performance of rituals, making Sama Veda hymn, in a ritual context, extremely important in the Hindu tradition.
The role of Sama Veda has diminished significantly in contemporary Hinduism, somewhat due to the fact of extensive sacrifices which may take anywhere from a day to over a week to perform. Scholar David Frawley said if the Rig Veda is knowledge then the Sama Veda is the realization.

Also known as Vedas of Magic Formulas, the Atharva Veda is the last and 4th of the Vedas. Although it was not accepted as a Veda by scholars, but eventually, it became a part of the Vedas. This Veda is different from the rest of the Vedas as it consists charms for daily problems and diseases. The nature of the Hymns are dedicated to healing and prolonging life through various natural herbs. Some sources state that this Veda is the origin of Ayurveda, Tantra and containing one of the earliest references to breathing techniques and the practice of yoga.

Some topics that the Atharva Veda covers are:
1. Diseases and their cure
2. Rites for prolonging life
3. Rites for fulfilling one’s desires
4. Propitiatory rites

The Vedas divine status is justified as it’s contribution to the world has been immense, be it philosophical, spiritual or well being; It’s gifted us with practices such as Yoga, Meditation and inquiring the soul within. The Vedas are one of the oldest texts to still survive and be used in today's world.

Dhyan Praveshika Team